Friday, February 24, 2012

cidr cheetsheet

sometimes you need to know a cidr mask. sometimes.

Netmask              Netmask (binary)                 CIDR     Notes
_____________________________________________________________________________
255.255.255.255  11111111.11111111.11111111.11111111  /32  Host (single addr)
255.255.255.254  11111111.11111111.11111111.11111110  /31  Unuseable
255.255.255.252  11111111.11111111.11111111.11111100  /30    2  useable
255.255.255.248  11111111.11111111.11111111.11111000  /29    6  useable
255.255.255.240  11111111.11111111.11111111.11110000  /28   14  useable
255.255.255.224  11111111.11111111.11111111.11100000  /27   30  useable
255.255.255.192  11111111.11111111.11111111.11000000  /26   62  useable
255.255.255.128  11111111.11111111.11111111.10000000  /25  126  useable
255.255.255.0    11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000  /24 "Class C" 254 useable

255.255.254.0    11111111.11111111.11111110.00000000  /23    2  Class C's
255.255.253.0                                                3  Class C's
255.255.252.0    11111111.11111111.11111100.00000000  /22    4  Class C's
255.255.251.0                                                5  Class C's
255.255.250.0                                                6  Class C's
255.255.249.0                                                7  Class C's
255.255.248.0    11111111.11111111.11111000.00000000  /21    8  Class C's
255.255.240.0    11111111.11111111.11110000.00000000  /20   16  Class C's
255.255.224.0    11111111.11111111.11100000.00000000  /19   32  Class C's
255.255.192.0    11111111.11111111.11000000.00000000  /18   64  Class C's
255.255.128.0    11111111.11111111.10000000.00000000  /17  128  Class C's
255.255.0.0      11111111.11111111.00000000.00000000  /16  "Class B"

255.254.0.0      11111111.11111110.00000000.00000000  /15    2  Class B's
255.252.0.0      11111111.11111100.00000000.00000000  /14    4  Class B's
255.248.0.0      11111111.11111000.00000000.00000000  /13    8  Class B's
255.240.0.0      11111111.11110000.00000000.00000000  /12   16  Class B's
255.224.0.0      11111111.11100000.00000000.00000000  /11   32  Class B's
255.192.0.0      11111111.11000000.00000000.00000000  /10   64  Class B's
255.128.0.0      11111111.10000000.00000000.00000000  /9   128  Class B's
255.0.0.0        11111111.00000000.00000000.00000000  /8   "Class A"

254.0.0.0        11111110.00000000.00000000.00000000  /7
252.0.0.0        11111100.00000000.00000000.00000000  /6
248.0.0.0        11111000.00000000.00000000.00000000  /5
240.0.0.0        11110000.00000000.00000000.00000000  /4
224.0.0.0        11100000.00000000.00000000.00000000  /3
192.0.0.0        11000000.00000000.00000000.00000000  /2
128.0.0.0        10000000.00000000.00000000.00000000  /1
0.0.0.0          00000000.00000000.00000000.00000000  /0   IP space

                                   Net     Host    Total
Net      Addr                      Addr    Addr    Number
Class   Range      NetMask         Bits    Bits   of hosts
----------------------------------------------------------
A        0-127    255.0.0.0         8      24     16777216   (i.e. 114.0.0.0)
B      128-191    255.255.0.0      16      16        65536   (i.e. 150.0.0.0)
C      192-254    255.255.255.0    24       8          256   (i.e. 199.0.0.0)
D      224-239    (multicast)
E      240-255    (reserved)
F      208-215    255.255.255.240  28       4           16
G      216/8      ARIN - North America
G      217/8      RIPE NCC - Europe
G      218-219/8  APNIC
H      220-221    255.255.255.248  29       3            8   (reserved)
K      222-223    255.255.255.254  31       1            2   (reserved)

ref: RFC1375 & http://www.iana.org/assignments/ipv4-address-space
               http://www.iana.org/numbers.htm

----------------------------------------------------------

The current list of special use prefixes:
 0.0.0.0/8
 127.0.0.0/8
 192.0.2.0/24
 10.0.0.0/8
 172.16.0.0/12
 192.168.0.0/16
 169.254.0.0/16
 all D/E space

ref: RFC1918 http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc1918.txt
       or     ftp://ftp.isi.edu/in-notes/rfc1918.txt
rfc search:   http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfcsearch.html
              http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt
              http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html
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